Restoration typically involves the returning of a site’s vegetation back to what naturally/historically occurred there.  Depending upon the site-conditions it may take several different treatments before a site can be restored.  Typically the restoration process takes several years as there are no quick fixes.  Also, once restoration is complete, a vegetative maintenance program is put into action to reduce the risk of the site reverting back to its unnatural/unacceptable state.  There are several different treatments that may occur on any particular site, but they all typically may involve the some or all of the following:

Treatment Description
Chemical Application Reduce the amount of competing/invasive plants through the utilization of chemical treatments.  Also utilized in the maintenance of a site once restored. 
Chopping Reduce heavy amounts of competing vegetation (i.e. palmetto) by pulling a single drum chopper behind a tractor.
Direct Seeding After the area is completely site-prepared utilize natural vegetation seed collected from donor sites and plant the treatment area.
Mowing Mow areas consisting of light fuel loads that cannot utilize a prescribed burn. 
Mulching/Under-brushing Reduce heavy understory and mid-story fuel loads with a mulching/under-brushing machine without compacting the soil or affecting the understory vegetation.   Very versatile and excellent when working around threatened/endangered species.
Planting Herbaceous/Shrubby Material Either hand or machine planting of naturally/historically occurring herbaceous/shrubby plant material after the site has been prepared properly to enhance or create various habitats/ecosystems  (i.e. wetlands, scrubs, sandhills, etc.). 
Prescribed Burning Reduce competing/hazardous vegetation through prescribed burning, possibly releasing targeted native flora found in the understory.  Also utilized in the maintenance of a site once restored.   
Reforestation Planting of tree species to enhance or create various habitats/ecosystems (i.e. wetlands, scrubs, sandhills, etc.). 

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